Let’s start the design process. An architect starts by meeting with a client who commissions the design. Using interviewing skills, the architect questions the client to determine exactly what type of building he or she wants, and together they decide important features that must be included in the design. Eventually, a design PROGRAM is developed that

CLIENT: A wealthy industrialist who made his money manufacturing computer keyboards is meeting with you to commission a design for an entry gate for his country estate. This home has a very formal design, and the grounds include stables for raising horses that the client races in the Kentucky Derby. The client wants the entrance to his property to look impressive, and he has an idea that the design should follow the rules for doorway designs set up by ancient Romans.

PROGRAM: Review the Roman rules of design for doorways. Use these as you come up with ideas for the entry gate. Make a list of the design details you think are important to satisfy the client. Add creative ideas that you feel will enhance the design.

Design Step 1: Review the Rules of Roman Entryways:

1. The Width of the entry must be wide enough for the number of people, carriages, animals that might enter.
2. The Doorway must provide security.
3. The doorway decoration should fit the purpose of the building
4. The doorway must be twice as high as it is wide
5. If the height of the door is over 8 feet it has to be arched (if stone is used).
6. Flat, unbroken walls should emphasize the doorway.
7. A pediment (triangular shape) should be included to divert rain from the entranceway.

Design Step 2: Draw a rough sketch of three different ideas for the doorway. Make sure that it is twice as high as it is wide. Show the sketches to a friend for a critique. Choose your favorite.

Design Step 3: Make preliminary sketches of some icons (describing pictures) that can be used to represent the owner’s interest. Sketch these icons on your doorway sketch in pencil. Try to come up with a theme.

Design Step 4: Finalize your drawing of the doorway including the icons.

Design Step 5: Use black thin and thick markers to make the drawing stand out.

Extension: If you have access to a computer aided drawing program like AutoCad, transfer your drawing to computer. Practice using line weight to make the drawing more dramatic.